A professor at Minzu University in Beijing and the foremost Uighur public intellectual in the People’s Republic of China, he was sentenced to life in prison in September 2014 for advocating basic economic, cultural, religious and political rights for the Uighur people.
Crackdown: The report on Uigher protests that broke relations between China and Australia
Almost three quarters of all people arrested in China for "endangering state security" last year came from the western Xinjiang Province, according to report from an American Dui Hua Foundation. The province, which boarders Afghanistan a number of former Soviet Muslim republics, has seen ethnic tensions raise in recent years between the Han Chinese and indigenous Uyghur Muslim groups.
Rebiya Kadeer speaks at Oslo Freedom Forum 2010