FILE - Residents walk past a security checkpoint at the close of a open-air market in Kashgar in western China's Xinjiang region, Nov. 4, 2017. Authorities are using detentions in political indoctrination centers and surveillance in efforts to control the Xinjiang region and its Uighurs, a Turkic-speaking Muslim minority Beijing fears could be influenced by extremism.

The government in China is further tightening its grip on minority groups in the Uighur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan as it continues to use its deradicalization campaign to suppress local residents, Uighur leaders and human rights activists warn.

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The Uyghur American Association (UAA) organized a demonstration in front of China's embassy in Washington, DC on February 5, 2014 to commemorate the 17th anniversary of the Ghulja Massacre. At the event, the Uyghur Human Rights Project conducted an interview with Ilyar Shamseden, originally of Ghulja, about the history of the massacre.